On memory


Caravà, M. (2021). An Exploration into Enactive Forms of ForgettingPhenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 20, 703-722. 


In a nutshell: Intuitively forgetting seems to entail the loss of contents stored in memory (e.g., mental representations of past experienced events, semantic information, etc.). Radical enactivists claim that memory does not store contents or mental representations and provide an account of remembering that accommodates this non-archival intuition about memory. Can enactivists do a similar thing with forgetting? I claim that they can. By combining empirical results from the cognitive (neuro)science of memory with the key principles of radical enactivism, I explain forgetting as an active process involving neural, bodily and environmental resources. I argue that the outcome of this process is not the loss of representational contents but the inability to re-enact past experienced events via mental simulations.


Copy of the article available upon request. Please, consider checking this article for objections to my view and its relationship to the simulationist approach to memory.


On objects and emotions


Caravà, M., & Scorolli, C. (2020). When affective relation weights more than the mug handle: Investigating affective affordancesFrontiers in Psychology, 11: 1928.


In a nutshell: Philosophers of embodied and situated cognition have provided convincing explanations of what objects do in affective processes (e.g., in emotion regulation). They have often used the concept of 'affective affordance' to account for the affective role of objects but it is not clear how this concept relates to other concepts of affordance, in particular those used in empirical works in cognitive science. We start to fill this gap by providing a new definition of affective affordances and we suggest a possible way to test this novel theoretical construct through a kinematic analysis of hand movements. 

The article is available open-access in this special issue on enaction and ecological psychology edited by Ezequiel di Paolo, Antony Chemero, Manuel Heras-Escribano and Marek McGann. You can also check this poster for a shorter version of the idea. 


On enactivism and pragmatism 


Caravà, M. (2020). La proposition expressiviste de Steiner et l’énactivisme. Divergences et convergences. European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy, 12(1): 1–10.

The article and Pierre Steiner's response to my objections  are available here


On (non-)representationalist approaches to perception

Caravà, M. (2019). The threshold of representations. Integrating semiotics and the cognitive SciencesVS, 128(1): 157–174. 

In a nutshell: I assess the conditions that philosophers of mind usually use to identify mental representations. I argue in favor of a minimal definition of mental representation, which is similar to definitions endorsed by some philosophers of embodied cognition. I claim that, even if we endorse this minimal definition of mental representation, important aspects of perception cannot be explained in representational terms.  Therefore I suggest endorsing a non-representational approach to perception made of a combination of the enactive approach and ecological psychology and claim that perception is a direct relation to opportunities for action offered by perceptual niches. 

Copy of the article available upon request.


Caravà, M. (2018). Une rencontre entre la philosophie et la sémiotique de Peirce, l’énactivisme et l’esprit étendu. Interrogations, 27.


In a nutshell: I argue against approaches to perception that endorse action-oriented representations and argue in favor of a direct approach to perception like that endorsed by enactivists. The article is available here.



On the extended mind and language


Caravà, M. (2014). La nozione di ‘mente estesa’ tra scienze cognitive, semiotica e pragmatismo. Alcune riflessioni a partire dal tema del linguaggio. Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio, Special Issue: 139–151. 

In a nutshell: I extend the extended explanation of language provided by extended mind theorists by reworking the concept of material symbol. The article is available here.

Translation work

Dr. Marta Benenti and I engaged in a translation project 0f Deleuze's courses on Foucault and his conception of power (translation from French to Italian). Our translation has been published as a book: Gilles Deleuze, Il Potere. Corso su Michel Foucault (1985˗ 1986)/2. Verona: Ombre Corte (2018).